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    老年人饮食注意事项

    发布日期:2019-06-25 10:58:00

    饮食要以“滋阴润肺”为基本准则,另外还应“少辛增酸”。就是说多食芝麻、核桃、糯米、蜂蜜、甘蔗等,可以起到滋阴润肺养血的作用;少吃葱、姜、蒜、辣椒等辛辣食品;多吃广柑、山楂、新鲜蔬菜、酸味食品。对于年老胃弱的人,可晨起喝粥以益骨生津。 老年人少喝鸡汤 秋季一到,又进入大补的黄金时间,老年人、体弱多病者或处于恢复期的病人,都习惯用老母鸡炖汤喝,甚至认为鸡汤的营养比鸡肉高。其实,鸡汤所含的营养比鸡肉要少得多。据研究,高胆固醇、高血压、肾脏功能较差者、胃酸过多者、胆管疾病患者,不宜多喝鸡汤。如果盲目以鸡汤进补,只会进一步加重病情,对身体有害无益。 老人秋季吃什么 根据中医理论,秋季饮食关键是滋阴润燥,具有滋阴润燥的食物有芝麻、雪梨、荸荠、蜂蜜、银耳、苹果、香蕉、葡萄、菜、萝卜、藕、豆制品等。老年人多有肝肾阴虚,加之感受燥邪易导致肺部疾病,预防这类疾病,饮食上多遵循生津润肺的原则。常选用梨、冰糖、银耳、沙参、鸭子等养阴生津的食物,或黄芪、党参、乌贼、甲鱼等能益气保健。 老来秋防脑血栓 有资料表明,秋天为脑血栓发病率最高的季节。其中又以清晨时60岁以上的老人发病为最多。秋天要避免发生脑血栓,老人应注意以下几点: 多食水果、蔬菜,以利润肠通便,水果有苹果、香蕉、梨等;蔬菜有韭菜、山芋、芋头、药芹等。 晚饭前用蜂蜜15克(约一食匙)对水50毫升饮用,因为蜂蜜不仅有润肠通便功效,常服还可调节人体生理机能,使老人身体健康,延年益寿。 

    Diet should be based on "nourishing yin and moistening lung" as well as "less spicy acid". That is to say, eating sesame, walnut, glutinous rice, honey, sugar cane and so on, can play the role of Nourishing Yin, nourishing and nourishing blood, eating spicy food such as onion, ginger, garlic, chili and so on, and eating more citrus, hawthorn, fresh vegetables and sour food. For those who are old and weak, they can drink congee in early morning to enrich bone and produce fluid. The old people drink less chicken soup in the fall, and enter the golden time of the big patch. The elderly, the weak and the patients who are in the recovery period are used to the old hen stew, and even think that the chicken soup is more nutritious than the chicken. Actually, chicken soup contains much less nutrition than chicken. According to the study, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, poor renal function, stomach acid and bile duct disease patients should not drink chicken soup. If the chicken soup is blindly added, it will further aggravate the disease and is harmful to the body. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine in autumn, the key of autumn diet is nourishing yin and moistening dryness. The food with nourishing and moistening dryness is sesame, Sydney, water chestnut, honey, tremella, apple, banana, grape, vegetable, radish, lotus root, bean products, etc. The old people often have liver kidney yin deficiency. In addition, they feel that dryness and evil can cause lung disease and prevent these diseases. Often choose pear, crystal sugar, tremella, sand, ducks and other Yin nourishing food, or Astragalus, Codonopsis pilosula, cuttlefish, turtle and so on can benefit health care. Old Lai autumn prevention of cerebral thrombosis data show that autumn is the highest incidence of cerebral thrombosis season. Among them, the onset of the elderly is more than 60 years old. In autumn to avoid cerebral thrombosis, the elderly should pay attention to the following points: eat more fruits, vegetables, profit intestinal bowel movement, fruit with apples, bananas, pears and so on; vegetables have leek, potato, taro, celery and so on. Before dinner, use 15 grams of honey (about one spoon) to drink 50 milliliters of water, because honey not only has the effect of bowel movement, but also can adjust the physiological function of the human body to make the elderly healthy and prolong life.